Людовик де Рувруа, герцог де СЕН-СИМОН(1675-1755)МЕМУАРЫ (на английском языке)
MEMOIRS OF LOUIS XIV AND HIS COURT AND OF THE REGENCY
DUKE OF SAINT-SIMON
Людовик де Рувруа, герцог де СЕН-СИМОН(1675-1755)
(на английском языке)
Saint-Simon, Louis de Rouvroy, Duke (duc) de (b. Jan.
15, 1675, Paris, Fr.--d. March 2, 1755, Paris), soldier and writer, known as one
of the great memoirists of France. His Memoires are an important historic document
of his time. His father, Claude de Rouvroy (1607-93), was raised to the nobility
by Louis XIII in 1635. The young Saint-Simon began his career with honourable
military service (1691-1702); during this period he began a fragmentary diary.
He fell out of royal favour, however, when he publicly opposed the policy of Louis
XIV that reduced the power of the nobility. Saint-Simon was briefly connected
with Louis, Duke de Bourgogne, who was dauphin from 1711 until his death in 1712.
Saint-Simon then turned to Philippe II, Duke d'Orlйans, who became regent for
Louis XV in 1715. The regent appointed Saint-Simon to his council of regency (1715-18)
and sent him on a diplomatic mission to Spain in 1721. Upon the regent's death
in 1723, Saint-Simon retired from the court. From 1729 to 1738 Saint-Simon annotated
the Journal of Philippe de Courcillon, Marquis de Dangeau, a work that provided
a framework for his own memoirs, begun about 10 years later. Saint-Simon produced
a composite narrative of court life based upon his own memory and papers, oral
and written testimony from his fellow courtiers, and other sources. Saint-Simon's
life at court limited his perspective, however, and consequently his memoirs overemphasized
personalities and petty intrigue. Nonetheless, he presents an unforgettable picture
of the last years of Louis XIV and the regency period.
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Дата публикации: 07-08-2009